The 6 year Sida-funded program was built on the earlier work of the Forestry Cooperation Programme and Mountain Rural Development Programme, and took on a broader approach to poverty alleviation through a strong emphasis on decentralization down to the village level. The program was designed with a rights-based approach to poverty alleviation, 19 and one that aimed to promote participation, grassroots democracy and transparency.
To this end, up to 80 percent of resources have been delegated to the village level through the Local Development Fund (LDF), alongside tools for participatory planning (the Local Planning for Management and Development, or LPMD), and capacity building to assist the local management levels to utilize the resources more effectively. All Chia Se villages were supported with a LDF, and at village meetings, the villagers decide how to use the funds and manage the activities. Chia Se communes and districts also share the LDF (15% and 5% respectively). This was used to support the villagers’ demands and help implement inter-village activities.