The Xe Kong river basin is one of the largest tributaries of the Mekong and an important river basin for capture fisheries and biological diversity. Due to the remoteness of the basin, there still remain large areas of relatively undisturbed forest that represent important habitat to local communities for collecting non-timber forest products to support local livelihoods.
The Aquatic Resources Management to Improve Rural Livelihoods of the Xe Kong River Basin was a project implemented by WWF Living Mekong Programme from 2005 to 2009. The overall objective was to improve livelihoods and conserve biological diversity of the Xe Kong basin through participatory management of natural resources. This was achieved through specific objectives and activities designed to achieve the following outcomes: